SIMON, HERBERT ALEXANDER (1916–2001), U.S. political scientist; authority on public administration, Nobel laureate. Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Simon received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Chicago (1943). In 1949 he was appointed professor of computer science and psychology at Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where he founded the Department of Computer Science. He remained at the university for his entire career. In his principal treatise on public administration, Administrative Behavior (1947), Simon discussed the position of the individual in the administration process and the psychological mechanisms that influence and condition his behavior. He laid down principles for the scientific study of public administration in a technological society and rejected the preexisting principles of public administration as mere "proverbs" or summaries of crude homely wisdom. In 1978 Simon was awarded the Nobel Prize for economics, for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations. He is also considered a pioneer in the development of computer artificial intelligence. Simon's other works include Organizations (1958), of which he was co-author; The New Science of Management Decision (1960); The Shape of Automation for Men and Management (1965); Representation and Meaning (1972); The Sciences of the Artificial (1981); Scientific Discovery (1987); Models of Thought (1989); and Models of My Life (1992). -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Earl (ed.), The Legacy of Herbert Simon in Economic Analysis (2001); J. March (ed.), Models of a Man: Essays in Memory of Herbert A. Simon (2004); H. Crowther-Heyck, Herbert A. Simon: The Bounds of Reason in Modern America (2005). (Nimrod Raphaeli / Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Simon,Herbert Alexander — Si·mon (sīʹmən), Herbert Alexander. Born 1916. American economist. He won a 1978 Nobel Prize for his research into the decision making process within economic organizations. * * * …   Universalium

  • Simon, Herbert Alexander — ▪ 2002       American social scientist (b. June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wis. d. Feb. 9, 2001, Pittsburgh, Pa.), was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Economics for his theory of decision making processes in economic organizations. Simon studied… …   Universalium

  • Simon, Herbert (Alexander) — born June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died Feb. 9, 2001, Pittsburgh, Pa. U.S. social scientist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1943. At Carnegie Mellon University (from 1949), he taught psychology and later computer… …   Universalium

  • Simon, Herbert (Alexander) — (15 jun. 1916, Milwaukee, Wis., EE.UU.–9 feb. 2001, Pittsburgh, Pa.). Cientista social estadounidense. Obtuvo su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Chicago en 1943. Fue profesor de psicología y luego de ciencias de la computación en la Universidad… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Herbert Alexander Simon — Herbert Alexander Simon …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herbert Alexander Simon — Herbert Simon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Simon. Herbert Simon Herbert Simon vers 2000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Simon, Herbert A. — ▪ American social scientist in full  Herbert Alexander Simon  born June 15, 1916, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. died February 9, 2001, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania       American social scientist known for his contributions to a number of fields,… …   Universalium

  • Herbert Alexander Simon — noun United States economist and psychologist who pioneered in the development of cognitive science (1916 2001) • Syn: ↑Simon, ↑Herb Simon, ↑Herbert A. Simon • Instance Hypernyms: ↑economist, ↑economic expert, ↑psychologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wirtschaftsnobelpreis 1978: Herbert Alexander Simon —   Dem amerikanische Sozialwissenschaftler Herbert Alexander Simon wurde der Nobelpreis für die »Erforschung von Entscheidungsfindungsprozessen in wirtschaftlichen Organisationen« verliehen.    Biografie   Herbert Alexander Simon, * Milwaukee… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SIMON (H. A.) — SIMON HERBERT ALEXANDER (1916 ) Prix Nobel d’économie en 1978, Herbert A. Simon, né aux États Unis en 1916, a introduit l’analyse du comportement humain dans la science économique. Son apport fondamental réside dans la critique de la vision de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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